geographical information system, surveying, geography, remote sensing, geomatic engineering
Land Surveying is used widely in Road building, management and maintenance, mapping, property and land development, civil engineering, environmental impact studies etc. It is regarded as the most underrated degree of choice at university. Despite high employment rates and respectable starting salaries, fewer people apply even though the median starting salary is $52,000 and 90% of graduates end up as full-time employees working in this field. More here .
GIS, geographical information systems, geography, surveying, remote sensing and Geomatic Engineering degree courses at undergrad bachelor, postgraduate master, diploma, PhD doctorate research degree levels in Australian universities are in the list below. For other degree courses, have a look here.
- Where can I study to be a Geographer or GIS engineer ?
- Besides ATAR, what prerequisite subjects must be passed at HSC Year 12 ?
- Which university is best for Geography or Surveying studies in Australia ?
Geographer are physical scientists who study physical environment (landscape, climate ), human habitat and how humans interact with environment to make a living ie. economics and culture
Many believe Geographers draw maps, when in actual fact map making concerns the field of study of cartography, a specialised area of geography.
Physical geography identifies, analyze and interpret the distribution and arrangement of landforms and other features of the Earth terrain.
- A bachelor or master degree in Geography and GIS offers university graduates careers in Surveying, Economics Urban Planner/Community Development,Cartographer/Cartography, GIS Specialist, Climatologist, Transportation management, Environmental Management. (GIS : Geographical Information Systems)
Modern geographers are often involved in fixing environmental issues. Many are also the primary practitioners of Geographic Information Systems and cartography, often find applications in city or urban planning. They are often employed by local, state, and federal government agencies as well as in the private sector by environmental and engineering firms.
Geography versus Geology ?
What Geologists do may sound familiar but what do geographers do? Geography is broadly classified into human and physical geography, but the diff between physical geography and geology is often misunderstood. Geographers study the earth’s surface, landscapes, features, and reason for their occurrence. Geologists look deeper into the earth than do geographers and study rocks, the internal structures processes of the earth (such as plate tectonics and volcanoes), and investigate earth’s ancient history.
What to study at university to be a Geographer?
An undergrad degree in geography is typically needed to start with. With a bachelor’s degree, grads can begin working in a many fields.
A master’s degree in geography is useful for the student who wishes to teach or to be a cartographer or GIS specialist work in business or government.
Life as a Geographer
The “geographer” job title is not typically found in companies or government agencies. More and more companies are beginning to recognize the skills a geographically-trained person brings to the job. Many geographers are employed as planners, cartographers (map makers), GIS specialists, analysis, scientists, researchers, surveying .
Areas of specialization
- Physical geography: geomorphology, hydrology, glaciology, biogeography, climatology, pedology, oceanography, geodesy, environmental geography.
- Human geography: urban geography, cultural geography, economic geography, political geography, historical geography, marketing geography, health geography, social geography.
Geographic information system
GIS is a computer powered system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyse, manage and present all types of geographical information in a way that cab be readily used. It is used extensively in map based technologies such as GPS ( Global Positioning System) satellites. With map based apps available on iPhone and Android mobiles as well as navigation aids such as Navman, GIS technology has suddenly become even more relevant and gaining in commercial usage. GIS integrates hardware, software, and data to capture, manage, analyze and display various forms of geographically referenced information.
- GIS assists in answering questions and solve problems by analysing at data in a way which is readily understood and shared
- GIS technology may be integrated into any enterprise information system framework.
- GIS enables one to view, understand, question, interpret and visualize data in many ways that reveal relationships, patterns and trends in the form of maps, globes, reports and charts
Surveying or land surveying refers to what a professional surveyor does to determine the land based position of points and the distances and angles between them. It is used extensively for construction of all major civil engineering based structures such as roads, bridges and buildings.
Geomatic Engineering or Geomatics aka Geospatial Engineering is emerging field focussing on spatial information (i.e. info about phusical location). A location is the primary parameter used to integrate a various data for viewing and analysis, Eg temperature, atmospheric pressure, altitude, latitude, longitude, humidity and wind etc. Geomatics Engineering also incorporates aspects of Computer and Civil Engineering. Geomatics is a new jargon incorporating the traditional subject of land surveying together with many other aspects of spatial data management. Following the advanced developments in IT, the nature of the tasks required of a land surveyor has adapted to available IT technology, hence surveying” no longer accurately covers the full spectrum of tasks involved in modern surveying activities. As can be seen in most smart phones, GPS technology is now integrated with many iPhone and Android apps, such as Google maps, Compass,as well as Navigation aids such as Navman and Tom Tom.
Typical admission requirements for : Geography, GIS degrees :
- Geography and /or Mathematics ,English proficiency
Universities in New South Wales :
- Geography & Environmental Studies : University of Newcastle
- Geographic Information Systems & Remote Sensing (GIS) : Uni of Newcastle
- Bachelor of Surveying : University of Newcastle
- Human Geography and Physical Geography studies at University of Wollongong
- Master of GIS and Remote Sensing at Charles Sturt university
- Geographic Information Systems at University of New England
- BE Geo Information Systems (GIS) at UNSW (Bachelor of Engineering)
- Geomatics Engineering ( School of Surveying & GeoSpatial Engineering )
BE Geo Information Systems, BE Surveying at UNSW
Bachelor of Surveying & Spatial Information Systems at UNSW
- Geography courses : University of Sydney
- Human Geography – Dept of Environment & Geography at Macquarie
- Grad Diploma of Science with major in Geographic Information Science at Macquarie University
Universities in Victoria :
- Bachelor of Applied Science (Surveying) at RMIT
- Mathematical and Geospatial Sciences courses at RMIT
- Bachelor of Surveying at Curtin university
- Master of Engineering ( Geomatics ) : University of Melbourne
- Dept of Resource Management & Geography at University of Melbourne
- School of Geography & Environmental Science at Monash University
- Geomatic Engineering : Monash University
- Bachelor of Technology (Building Surveying) : Victoria University
Universities in Queensland :
- Bachelor of Science (Geography) at James Cook University : JCU
- Associate Degree of Spatial Science ( 2 year ) : University of Southern Queensland
- Bachelor of Spatial Science Technology : University of Southern Queensland
Universities in Western Australia :
- Geography courses at University of Western Australia : UWA
- GIS Master of Science (Geographical Information Systems): at University of Western Australia : UWA
List of universities in Tasmania :
- School of Geography and Environmental Studies at University of Tasmania : UTAS in Hobart
- Bachelor of Surveying and Spatial Sciences : Tasmania university
Universities in South Australia :
- Bachelor of Arts with Major in Geography at Flinders University
- Geographical and Environmental Studies at University of Adelaide
- Bachelor of Applied Geographical Information Systems, GIS at Flinders University
- Bachelor of Geospatial Science: University of South Australia
Australian Capital Territory : ACT
- Geography major at Australian National University ANU
- Geography at School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences UNSW @ADFA